What Is Pradaxa?
Today, there are a lot of licensed medicines for various ailments and medical conditions. For this reason, it is crucial to learn more about a certain licensed medicine before taking it. One of the most ground-breaking medicines that have been approved in the US is the Pradaxa.
Pradaxa, also known as Dabigatran Etexilate, is a licensed medicine that can reduce the risk of strokes and prevents blood clots in people who have atrial fibrillation or irregular heart rhythm. This medicine is the first new anticoagulation drug that can be taken orally, and it is also the first in the United States in more 50 years.
Pradaxa: An Overview
Pradaxa is the first new oral drug that can stop blood clotting since Warfin which had been launched in the early 1950s. This oral medication is manufactured by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals; Inc. Pradaxa is the new class of anticoagulant drugs that has been made available in Ireland by Boehringer Ingelheim. This oral drug is also approved in Canada, US, and in other countries. The initial approval of this medication is for the primary prevention of venous thromboembolic events after they have had surgery, in particular knee and hip replacements. A venous thrombosis is a blood coagulation that develops within a vein, and thrombosis is a term for blood clot that remains in the place where it is initially formed.
Pradaxa works by preventing a certain protein- called thrombin, in a person’s body from forming blood clots, especially in the legs or lungs after a knee or hip replacement surgery. Thrombin encourages clot formation in the body thus inhibiting it will result to the prevention of blood clot formation.
This medication is given as an oral dose thus the patient does not have to get an injection, and it can be taken conveniently even outside of the hospital setting. This oral drug also does not require coagulation monitoring thus the patient doesn’t have to go for regular blood tests to figure out that the clotting tendency of their blood is within the proper limits.
When And How To Take Pradaxa
Pradaxa comes in a capsule form, and can be taken twice a day. The capsule can be swallowed whole. It must not be crushed, chewed, or opened since this may cause the body to absorb too much of the medication. It can also be taken with or without food. However, it is crucial for a doctor to prescribe this medication before taking it. The doctor will take into account the medical condition of the patient before recommending the dosage and how long the patient must take this drug. For Pradaxa to work properly, it must be taken as directed. The patient must not stop taking the oral drug without their doctor’s approval or supervision.
Like any other medication, there are certain considerations that must be thought about before taking Pradaxa. Before a patient can start taking this oral drug, he or she must first consider a few important issues since these issues can cause serious problems. For instance, the patient must not take Pradaxa if he or she is allergic to Dabigatran, or if the patient has any upcoming surgery, or active injury. The patient must also consult their doctor before taking this medication, especially if they have medical conditions such as kidney disease, stomach ulcer, bleeding, or if the patient is older than 75. Patients who are taking other medicines such as aspirin medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and blood thinners must also avoid taking Pradaxa. This medication is also not advisable for pregnant women or for those who want to become pregnant. Mothers who are breastfeeding must also avoid taking Pradaxa. It is not known whether the oral medication will harm the unborn child or if it passes into breast milk. However, it is crucial to be cautious thus mothers must tell their doctor if they are breast-feeding a baby.
Pradaxa is a very powerful oral medication that can have various effects on different people. For this reason, patients must first consult their doctors and inform them of their current medical conditions. The patients must also inform the health care provider about the medications, vitamins, and even herbal supplements they are currently taking because it can also affect how Pradaxa works. It is vital to consider all of these and to take the oral medication as prescribed to avoid serious complications and problems.
Pradaxa Side Effects
There are also certain side effects to taking Pradaxa that patients must know about. Some of these side effects can be merely bothersome, but others can be very dangerous. When a person takes Pradaxa, he or she must recognize the most common side effects so that they can take action immediately once any of it starts occurring. Most of the most common side effects reported by people who had taken this oral medication include the following:
• Excessive and unusual bleeding
• Fatigue and nausea
• Stomach pain or indigestion
• Heart burn
• Easy bruising, purple or red spots under the skin
• Pink or brown urine
• Joint pain or swelling
• Vomiting something that looks like coffee grounds
• Coughing up blood
If the patient starts to notice symptoms of bleeding, he or she must contact the doctor immediately. Although bleeding is a very common complication when taking blood thinning drugs, the U.S Food and Drug Administration is now conducting safety review of Pradaxa. The main reason for it is that the agency wants to know whether or not the Pradaxa causes excessive and uncontrollable internal bleeding more than expected.
The side effects listed above is not a complete list of all the side effects that may occur. If the patient has any questions about this oral drug, he or she must contact the health care provider. However, the patient must not stop taking the medication without first consulting their doctor. When the patient stops taking Pradaxa without consulting the doctor, it may increase their risk of stroke. If any of these signs and side effects starts occurring, the patient must immediately get medical help. Patients must call their doctor once they start to experience serious side effects.